Ngada is the regional festival in the state Nagaland which is particularly celebrated by Rengma tribal community. The festival is mainly signifies the end of an agricultural year which continues for eight days and celebrated vibrant local folk music and dance forms.
Time to Celebrate:
Ngada festival is celebrated at the end of the month November every year
Ngada festival is an occasion of lots of merry making, rejoices and excitement for the people of Nagaland especially for the Rengma tribals. They believed that during the festival, the spirit of the dead ancestors visit their homes hence the community offered lots of eatable items like ample beer, flesh of animals etc, wrapped in a banana leaf to these spirits in order to please them. The eight consecutive days of the festival celebrated with lots of happenings in which each day signifies a unique message and observed in different way.It is observed also that while proclaiming the festival every householder must be in a position to bring crop in their house and stock in their proper granaries by ritual law.
The festival starts with the preparation of all kinds of beer and ends on the seventh day with high hopes and great expectations that tomorrow will usher in a fruitful and prosperous agricultural new year and augur healthy climates and happiness to the villagers.
Significance of Ngada festival:
1. The first day of the Naga festival is meant for the preparation of rice beer by every household.
2. The second day is called the day of graves repairing day where graves of ancestors and family members are cleaned/repaired so as to make the spirit of death person happy on the day of Ngada Festival.
3. On the third day women folk visit the graves of their relatives and placed rice beer wrapped in banana leaves on the grave. This is a symbolic presentation of offering to the dead spirit, as it is believed that the death people have the power to influence the crops production and give general prosperity to their descendents.
4. The fourth day marks the day of washing body, cloths and weapons including spears and daos in order to get rid of all the impurities of the past years and get ready for the New Year.
5. The fifth day is called the day of feasting, procession and singing. On this day the strangers who are in the village to witness the Ngada festival are offered with food and drinks as a sign of brotherliness and oneness.
6. The sixth day is the day of dancing, singing where the young men with full traditional attire visit each other irrespective of khel or clan, eat and drink in every house without any restriction or hesitation.
7. The seventh day is the Ngada closing ceremony day. It is a taboo to go to field on this day and all the traditional dresses are cleaned up and kept in the cane basket (alishun/japa) because it is a genna to go to the field if traditional dresses are touched.
The nearest railway station and airport are at Dimapur.
Connected by train to Kolkata and Assam.
The last 70 odd kilometres can be negotiated by taxi.