Jayaprakash Narayan 11 October 1902 – 8 October 1979), popularly referred to as JP or Lok Nayak (Hindi for The People’s Hero), was an Indian independence activist, social reformer and political leader, remembered especially for leading the mid-1970s opposition against Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, for whose overthrow he called a “total revolution”. His biography, Jayaprakash, was written by his nationalist friend and an eminent writer of Hindi literature, Ramavriksha Benipuri. In 1999, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in recognition of his social work. Other awards include the Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965. The Patna airport is also named after him. The largest hospital run by the Delhi government and the teaching hospital of the famous Maulana Azad Medical College, Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Hospital, is also named after him. It was formerly called Irwin hospital. There is also a park in his name, situated on Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, in New Delhi, just opposite to Maulana Azad Medical College. On August 1, 2015, the Chhapra-Delhi-Chhapra Weekly Express was renamed as “Loknayak Express” in his honour.
Narayan died in Patna, Bihar, on 8 October 1979, three days before his 77th birthday, due to effects of diabetes and heart ailments. In March 1979, while he was in hospital, his death had been erroneously announced by the Indian prime minister, Morarji Desai, causing a brief wave of national mourning, including the suspension of parliament and regular radio broadcasting, and the closure of schools and shops. When he was told about the gaffe a few weeks later, he smiled. The problem of his ‘death’ came because Desai saw the dead body of a man with similar looks being taken away from the hospital.
Why Socialism, 1936
War Circulars, 1–4 CSP, Lucknow
Inside Lahore Fort, Sahityalaya Patna 1947
Nation Building in India – JP Narayan
Three Basic Problems of India. From Socialism to Sarvodaya, Sarva Seva Sangh Prakashan, Varansi 1957
A Plea for Reconstruction of Indian Polity, Sarva Seva Sangh Prakashan, Varansi 1959
Swaraj for the People, Sarva Seva Sangh Prakashan, Varansi 1961
Sarvodaya Answer to Chinese Aggression, Sarvodaya Prachuralaya Tanjore 1963
Face to Face, Navchetna Prakashan, Varansi 1970
Prison Diary, Samajwadi Yuvjan Sabha Calcutta 1976 and Popular Prakashan, Bombay 1977.
Towards Struggle, edited by Yusuf Meherally, Padma Publications, Bombay 1946,47
Socialism,Sarvodaya and Democracy, edited by Bimal Prasad, Asia Publishing House Bombay 1964
Communitarian Society and Panchayti Raj, edited by Brahmanand Navchetna Prakashan Varansi 1970
Nation-Building in India, edited by Brahmanand Navchetna Prakashan Varansi 1974
Towards Revolution, edited by Bhargava and Phadnis, Arnold-Heinemann New Delhi 1975
J.P’s Jail Life (A Collection of Personal Letters) translated by G S Bhargava, Arnold-Heinemann New Delhi 1977
Towards Total Revolution, edited by Brahmanand Popular Prakashan Bombay 1978
J P:Profile of a non-conformist, Interviews by Bhola Chatterji, Minerva Associates, Calcutta, 1979
To All Fighters of Freedom II, A Revolutionary’s Quest-selected writings of Jayprakash Narayan, edited by Bimal Prasad Oxford University Press New Delhi 1980
Concept of Total Revolution: An Introductory Essay(JP and social change) by Bimal Prasad