Chhath or Dala Chhath is one of the most famous Hindu festivals of India particular in Bihar and Jharkhand. Chhath festival begins on the sixth day of the Hindu lunar month of Kartik which falls a week after Diwali and continues for four days. The Dala chhath is dedicated to the Sun God, to worship him and fulfilling particular wishes. It is also believed that worshipping of the sun would help cure a variety of diseases, ensure longevity and prosperity of the family members, friends, and elders.
Time To Celebrated:
The Dala Chhath is observed on the sixth day of lunar month of Karthik, probably in October or November.
The Chhath pooja is particularly related to Bihar but it is also observed in other parts of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa and Assam. The main worshipers either man or woman called Parvaitin is usually a senior member of the family. The Parvaitin goes through a period of abstinence and ritual segregation from the main household for four days. During this period, the main worshiper observes ritual purity, sleeps on the floor and takes a single meal in the whole day. The parvaitin pray for the well-being of their family, prosperity and offspring. Before Chhath houses and surrounding are cleaned. Day one of the festival is known as Naha-Kha. The worshiper cooks a special meal and offers it to the Sun God. Kharna a ritual is performed on the second day after the setting of the sun. From here onwards the Parvaitin goes on fast for almost 36 hours without even water.
On the next day evening the bathing ritual is performed on the bank of a river or water body accompanied by all family members, friends and relatives. On this occasion women sing folk songs along with bathing rituals. On the following day evening same bathing ritual repeated and here the Parvaitin breaks his/her fast and finishes the ritual. A special type of Laddoos is made in the Chhath which is made of rice flour, dry fruits, nuts and sliver of coconut. There is much music and a lot of singing of folk and devotional songs, dancing.
Kartika Chhath Puja Date 2016:
|4th November 2016||Friday||Nahay Khay||Chaturthi|
|5th November 2016||Saturday||Lohanda and Kharna||Panchami|
|6th November 2016||Sunday||Sandhya Arghya||Shashthi|
|7th November 2016||Monday||Usha Arghya, Parana Day||Saptami|
Kartika Chhath Puja Date 2017:
|24th October 2017||Tuesday||Nahay Khay||Chaturthi|
|25th October 2017||Wednesday||Lohanda and Kharna||Panchami|
|26th October 2017||Thursday||Sandhya Arghya||Shashthi|
|27th October 2017||Friday||Usha Arghya, Parana Day||Saptami|