23 December: Kisan Diwas
Kisan Diwas was observed across the country on 23 December 2013 to celebrate the birthday of Chaudhary Charan Singh.
About Chaudhary Charan Singh
Chaudhary Charan Singh (23 Dec 1902 – 29 May 1987) was the fifth Prime Minister of India. He served as the Prime Minister from 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980.
Chaudhary Charan Singh holds the record of being the only Prime Minister of India who did not face the Parliamentary floor for a single day after assuming the office.
Kisan Diwas (Farmer’s Day) is observed every year on 23 December to celebrate the birth anniversary of the fifth prime minister and kisan leader, late Chaudhary Charan Singh.
Some facts about Charan Singh, the kisan leader:
The Jat icon, Charan Singh belonged to a peasant family, which made him relate himself with the problems of the farmers. Consequently, he did his best to support them.
He served as the Prime Minister of India from 28 July 1979 until 14 January 1980. As the Prime Minister of India, he never faced the Lok Sabha.
Budget 1979: The budget was designed to fulfill the demands of farmers in all respects. It introduced many policies in favor of farmers. He was able to bring together all the farmers against the landlords and moneylenders.
The Agricultural Produce Market Bill was introduced by him in the Assembly. It was meant to guard the welfare of farmers against the avarice of dealers.
He articulated and enforced the Zamindari Abolition Act.
He led the battle against the collectivist land-use policies of Jawaharlal Nehru to save Indian farmers.
As a writer: He was also a very effective writer and penned his thoughts on farmers and their problems and solutions.
Charan Singh died on 29 May 1987.
December 23 has been declared as a public holiday in Uttar Pradesh.
Homage is paid to the brave leaders of the past who worked for the welfare and growth of farmers.
Several seminars, exhibitions and workshops are organized on this day by the government as well as rural development associations to ensure development in agriculture.
Agriculture extension officers and agricultural scientists interact with farmers in villages and provide them information about the latest agriculture insurance schemes.